This chorus would often speak the prologue, epilogue, and an introduction to each act in the play. Hyperbole: Hyperbole is a part of speech that is used, both in prose and poetry, to express a certain emotion by the use of exaggeration. Persona: The character created by the author to tell a story to the audience or the reader is called persona. "O horror, horror, horror." Almost as early is Denis Diderot's Jacques the Fatalist and His Master. The exploits of this central character is written in high elevated language. Catalectic lines contrast with the acatalectic lines that refer to normal lines of poetry that have as many number of syllables as normally expected in poetry. Ovid wrote elegies bemoaning his exile, which he likened to a death. Dylan Thomas’ Do not Go Gentle Into that Good Night is a good example of a vilanelle. The key characteristics include excessive emotions, artificial happy endings, sensational actions, etc. Abstract Poem: A poem that relies on auditory patterns rather than meaning of words, grammatical, or syntactical use to convey sense. The word epistolary comes from the Latin word epistola, meaning a letter. Hypercatalectic: The literary term, hypercatalectic, refers to a line of verse containing an additional syllable after the last dipody or foot. Epilogue: A conclusion (known as the final chapter) written at the end of a novel, play or a long poem. In fact, it can be a virtue which acts against a protagonist, who in this case would be evil. It is a secondary and auxiliary character that plays a role that is not dynamic, however, it is one that makes a difference to the main characters. Alexander Pope uses this technique for humorous effect in the following lines from The Rape of the Lock: In modern times, Shakespeare is largely referred to as the Bard of Avon. Secondly, it refers to a missing piece or a literary gap. Figurative Language: Figurative language is one that goes beyond its literary meaning to have a deeper, more effective bearing. For example: wailing in the winter wind. Action: An event or series of events (real or fictional), that make the subject of a literary piece of work. the form of a simile that is many lines in length. Internal Rhyme: Internal rhyme is where a poem has rhyming words in the same sentence. Letters written to a group of people, which include most of the New Testament epistles, were not read individually but read aloud to the entire church congregation. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Allusion: In literary work, allusion is a reference to some person, place, or event in history or in another work of literature. Fin de siecle is often used to show a period of degeneration as well as of hope. Distancing Effect: Also known as alienation effect or estrangement effect, distancing effect refers to the tactic used by a dramatist to ensure that the audience does not establish an emotional link, and accepted the social reality being depicted in the drama. The street was situated in London and housed impoverished hack writers. It is an example of rhetoric scheme. It was particularly advocated by Gustave Lanson. In this extract from The Gap by Sheldon Vanauken, the first and third lines are enjambed, while the second and fourth are end-stopped: All else is off the point: the Flood, the Day For instead of saying she is a good singer, with the use of litotes you can say, she is not a bad singer at all. The epigraphs to the preamble of Georges Perec's Life: A User's Manual (La Vie mode d'emploi) and to the book as a whole warn the reader that tricks are going to be played and that all will not be what it seems. Obligatory Scene: It is a scene, which demands its presence, due to the plot of the play, forcing the playwright to write it. Anacrusis: The introduction of one or two unstressed syllables in the beginning of a line of verse where normally a stressed syllable would come. In the olden days, when poems were passed along as songs, rhyme scheme helped people to memorize the songs. Personification: A figure of speech in which animals, ideas, and inanimate objects are shown to have human traits and characteristics. However, fantasy is imagination which is vivid and unrestrained. Bound Morpheme: A morpheme that in itself does not have a meaning and hence, has to be exclusively used as a part of a larger word. The moment we talk about communication, the first thing that comes to our mind is LANGUAGE. In addition, a crucial element in polylogic epistolary novels like Clarissa, and Dangerous Liaisons is the dramatic device of 'discrepant awareness': the simultaneous but separate correspondences of the heroines and the villains creating dramatic tension. It is the repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive phrases, clauses or sentences. Although, the movement aimed at the revival and encouraging a new appreciation of the Celtic Arts and culture, and was spread across various countries of the North West Europe, its best incarnation was in Ireland. and dissonance. Many scholars have analyzed dramatic structure, beginning with to free TranslationDirectory.com newsletter. Literary Terms Encyclopedia Articles By Title. However, some denominations either discourage or do not permit eulogies at services to maintain respect for traditions. This includes anastrophe, tmesis, hypallage, and other figures of speech. Sprung Rhythm: Sprung rhythm is a term that was coined by British poet Gerard Manley Hopkins to describe his personal metrical system. The name Caroline Age is derived from Carolus, the Latin word for Charles. and wine and wit and laughs for all. The skull is an emblem of the transitory human life. There is mostly a use of animals and other imaginary creatures. et vino et sale et omnibus cachinnis. Brooks emphasized structure, tension, balance and irony over meaning, statement and subject matter. True, there are signs and symbols to communicate, but can they really replace words? Classical learning and remote knowledge of all kinds were displayed. Omniscient Narrator: Also known as third person narrative or outside speaker, it is the literary technique employed, where the story is narrated by a person who is separated from the characters in the same. This group had an important influence on literature and arts about two decades after the end of World War I. Virginia Woolf, E. M. Forster, Duncan Grant, Vanessa Bell, and Clive bell were some of this prominent members of the group. editions, normally signed by the artist in pencil, and numbered as say Caesura: A pause that can come at any place within a line of poetry. For instance, in the metaphor all the world’s a stage, the whole world is the tenor. Moreover, Kuhn's concept seems to correspond to what Foucault calls theme or theory of a science, but Foucault analysed how opposing theories and themes could co-exist within a science. Epiphanies of sudden comprehension have also made possible leaps in technology and the sciences. Due to the myriad implications of the term, it is difficult to give a single definition for catachresis. Georgic: A georgic is a poem that is based on agriculture or has a general agricultural theme. The focus of this theory is on the way an individual reads and the factors that influence his interpretation. The epigraph to E. L. Doctorow's Ragtime quotes Scott Joplin's instructions to those who play his music, "Do not play this piece fast. Most epilogues in films are shown in a dramatic fashion, usually in silence, to commemorate an important happening eg. Conflict: Depiction of struggle in literary work, be it between two ideas, characters or groups of people. For example, Stephen King's The Dark Half has epigraphs taken from the fictitious novels written by the protagonist; Jasper Fforde's The Eyre Affair has quotations from supposedly future works about the action of the story. He may use ridicule, derision, irony, or other methods to meet this end. An allegory generally teaches a lesson by means of an interesting story. These shoes are also known as Cothurni (singular: cothurnus). Lai: Lai is a short narrative poem or song written by French and German writers during the 13th and 14th century. Antithesis: Antithesis refers to the use of contrasting words or phrases in close sequence. In short, the exordium was the portion of the discourse in which the orator would prepare the audience to hear his arguments in a favorable frame of mind. Alternatively, the terms mood or ambiance (French word) are also used for atmosphere. to its antonym, catalectic, for the simple reason that acatalexis is considered has chosen to achieve recognition or fame for his work. Heroic Couplet: A heroic couplet is a set of two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter. But alongside the experimental novel, critical attacks on the experimental novel are also to be found at this early period. (Steve Ballmer) Assonance: Repetition of a vowel sound in a line of poetry, as in the following example from Poeâs âThe Ravenâ: âThe silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain.â Autobiography: An authorâs account or story of his/her own life. Answer. The Red Cross is one of three symbols representing the International Red Cross. 6th edition. This term was coined by an Italian writer, Niccolo Machiavelli in his work, The Prince, where he said that human beings by nature are untrustworthy and cunning, and without indulging in evil and deceitful actions, people in power would not be able to hold up their position. A symbol substitutes one thing for another, in a more concrete fashion: Emblem books are a category of illustrated book printed in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries, typically containing a number of emblematic images with explanatory text. In subsequent writings, he made it clear that several epistemes may co-exist and interact at the same time, being parts of various power-knowledge systems. Lastly, the speaker must avoid certain faults in the introduction. Folk Tale: Folk tales are stories that are used to show a certain moral. Later this was adapted by Sir Thomas More in his book ‘Utopia’. Dramatis personae: A Latin phrase for the list of characters who play a role in a drama – commonly employed in various forms of theater. Because of its structural potential for rhetorical effects, the elegiac couplet was also used by both Greek and Roman poets for witty, humorous, and satiric subject matter. Golden Line: A golden line is a part of a golden verse. i fear Eulogies can also praise a living person or people who are still alive, which normally takes place on special occasions like birthdays etc. Pastoral: An artistic work that mainly depicts a shepherd’s life, especially the simplicity, peaceful, rural existence, and the uncorrupted life. Often taken as an author’s ingenuity with wordplay, anagrams were used to conceal messages or veil names. In the French opera tradition of the end of the 17th century and early 18th century (Jean-Philippe Rameau, for example) such divertissements would become compulsory in the form of an inserted ballet passage, a tradition that continued till well in the 19th century. Existentialism is sometimes referred to as a continental philosophy, referring to the continental part of Europe, as opposed to that practiced in the islands of Great Britain at that time, which was called analytic philosophy, and mostly dealt with analyzing language. Alliteration: Alliteration is a literary or rhetorical stylistic device in which, consonant sounds are repeated (usually at the beginning) of a number of words in close succession. In literature, it means exaggerating certain characters whereas, over simplifying the others. Double Rhyme: A feminine rhyme that involves repetition of two syllables instead of one. As T.S. Existentialism became fashionable in the post-World War years as a way to reassert the importance of human individuality and freedom. epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey. Meaning flows as the lines progress, and the readerâs eye is forced to go on to the next sentence.
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